The United Nations and the wider international community should urge each side to immediately put an end to measures that appear to be prompting the other to move away from the agreement. They must also begin implementing the agreement, which requires more cooperation between the Houthis (see below). 2- An executive mechanism to activate the prisoner exchange agreement. Both sides are likely to try to spoil the agreement. At this point, however, the Houthis are the main obstacle to progress. Under the terms of the Stockholm agreement, the Houthis must take the first step by redeploying troops from the three major Red Sea ports; the two sides will then have to carry out a number of reciprocal redeployments of the critical humanitarian infrastructure and, finally, from the entire city to designated positions, which will effectively demilitaris the entire Red Sea trade corridor. Following the talks on Sweden, the UN was forced to hastily hold a ceasefire in Hodeida governorate, which began on 18 December. But the parties did not agree with the ground rules. Unlike most ceasefire agreements, the agreement did not contain technical details on the extent, nature or duration of the cessation of hostilities; Definition of offences; or mechanisms to quickly stop the fight when it starts again. The failure of such an agreement – probably because of the urgency of an agreement – has had negative consequences. What complicates matters further is that the UN has not yet deployed a full surveillance team – which requires the approval of the Security Council – making the fate of the ceasefire vulnerable to the war of narratives that has mostly tormented attempts to build a peace process. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres participated in the final phase of the negotiations and spoke of the importance of confidence talks and agreements reached in Sweden. As the crisis group has already said, the EU and Oman have good contacts with the Houthis and Iran has repeatedly proposed to mediate in Yemen.
Now would be a good moment for Tehran to prove its willingness and ability to convince the Huthis to engage constructively on Hodeida, first and foremost by allowing Cammaert`s team freedom of movement in the territory they hold and by encouraging quick, meaningful and `berifiable redeployment from the three ports. Brussels and Muscat can also help by caring for the Houthis in Sanaa and abroad, expressing support for redeployments and making it clear that their patience is waning. During his recent trip to Sanaa, Griffiths urged rebel leader Abdel-Malek al-Huthi to reaffirm his commitment to the agreement, including redistribution. While Cammaert awaits technical details, such pressure will continue on the Houthis, government and coalition representatives to live up to their commitments. v) The original title and the name of the author of the work must be printed on all copies of the published translation. The licence is only valid for the publication of the translation on the territory of the EU country where it was requested. The published copies may be imported and sold in another EU country if one of the national or official or regional languages of that other country has the same language in which the work was translated and if national legislation provides for such licences in that other country and does not prohibit such importation and sale. If the above conditions are not met, the importation and sale of these copies in an EU country is subject to national law and its agreements.