when to plant turnips in virginia

A compost layer about 2-4 inches can also be mixed in the soil. What are Turnips? Before planting it is a good idea to find our USDA Zone info to figure out our garden schedule. Normally, the greens are ready to be harvested within five weeks, and the main crop or roots can be plucked after 6-10 weeks following their plantation. apart to give the plants plenty of room to form good roots. Native Americans grew it widely. Turnips are root crops and members of the mustard family with a long history of human cultivation. Seedbed preparation and planting can be done several … The USDA Zone info is a great tool for gardeners to help us determine our gardening schedule. I am planting the turnips about 10 inches apart, which enables me to plant 20 turnip plants in this box with those measurements. French explorer Jacques Cartier gets credit for bringing turnip to America in 1541. Based on frost dates and planting … Also, spring crops face less of a pest problem, as compared to the late summer varieties. Once the seedlings have reached about two or three inches tall, … It can be planted in either the spring or late summer/early fall. They grow fairly quickly, maturing in about two months, so you can get more than one harvest in … The seeds can be sown during early autumn, for a late autumn harvest. Virginia on average has approximately 160 days between the last and first frost. Give your native soil a hand by mixing in several inches of aged compost or other rich organic matter. The last month that you can plant turnips and expect a good harvest is probably August. You can also look up produce by seasons: spring produce guide , summer produce guide , fall produce guide , winter produce guide . Late July to early August is the time to plant turnips for fall grazing, Anderson says. Plant seeds one to two inches apart in rows 18 to 30 inches apart. … A small amount can supply a family for months. Virginia Zoo and Gunston Hall Turnip the Competition The Virginia Zoo and Gunston Hall are taking part in a “Sprout Bout” — a turnip-growing competition!. Upon finding that the turnip plants are grown to 4 inches, they must be thinned such that the developing turnips are within 4 inches apart. The roots can be stored in the refrigerator for two months. Plant seeds one to two inches apart in rows 18 to 30 inches apart. This newsletter will often list plants or seeds for sale by West Virginia seed savers or plant … You may be interested in our other planting guides for Virginia. On most years you should be prepared to experience lows near -30°F. To successfully plant cool-weather vegetables in Virginia, sow earlier and later in the year, depending on the area of the state. Plant turnips in well-drained soil rich in organic matter with a soil pH of 5.5 to 6.8. Root Crops to Plant in Central Virginia in December A stormy winter day, garlic, rowcovered spinach beds and our hoophouse. One way of estimating when it's possible to plant turnips is to use the USDA zone info for Virginia. How to Plant Turnips Zones. Many southern gardeners prefer to grow turnips for the greens. Liquid fertilizers such as liquid kelp and fish emulsion can be squirted on the beds. Preparing the bed is the following step for planting the seeds. Collard greens should be planted so that at the final thinning there will be 12 to 18 inches between the plants. Plant turnips beginning in early spring when the soil is warming up. Effects of liming will last several years, but fertilizer is … The radishes were done in the garden so I pulled them out and planted turnips in the row. If you are planting so you can have turnips to store throughout the winter, plant late in the summer to harvest turnips before first frost. Turnips also are cheap to plant, as seed can cost less than $10/acre. In our area of central Virginia … Effects of liming will last several years, but fertilizer is recommended annually during September. If you are starting your turnips indoors then you might be able to get away with starting them a few weeks earlier. Gardeners can start plants two to three weeks early indoors, or wait to sow seeds directly into the garden after the cold weather leaves the region. Turnip, Brassica rapa, is an herbaceous annual or biennial plant in the family Brassicaceae grown for its edible roots and leaves.The plant possesses erect stems and 8–12 leaves forming a crown. You probably don't want to wait any later than that or else your turnips may not have a chance to fully mature. Having a garden for growing the turnips is beneficial for enjoying the vegetable crop during winter. For a late spring bounty, plant directly in the garden when you are able to work the soil, about 2-3 weeks prior to the last frost if you have predictable winters. Find the best dates for planting and transplanting vegetables and fruit! On a concluding note, it may be useful to remember that both the roots and turnips rate high in nutritional value. Using the planting schedules below will help you get the most out of your garden. West Virginia on average has approximately 150 days between the last and first frost. Whatever you end up planting, if it’s green and succulent, it’ll draw the wildlife to your plot. An autumn harvest necessitates the sowing of seeds in late summer. Turnips do well in zones 3-9. We are home and garden enthusiasts, we share our unique knowledge and expertise. How to Plant Turnips . The last month that you can plant turnips and expect a good harvest is probably August. Using the planting schedules below will help you get the most out of your garden. Turnips generally require a full sun location but will … To stretch the turnip harvest over a 2- or 3-month period, plant two or three varieties in the first planting. Plant your fall turnip greens from late August to October; for a spring crop, plant 2 to 4 weeks before the last frost. It has wide planting windows because of that. A small amount can supply a family for months. If you have home and garden ideas, feel free to write for us. Turnips love cool weather so you can plant them in the spring or fall. However, your articles must be unique, informative, made of short and straightforward sentences. These delectable vegetables are grown in the backyard or garden and are grown for their greens, roots or both. Turnip Planting Time. These include turnips, kale and rape, and you need to plant them in early August for most of the northern part of the country. By doing so, the plants have ample space to form healthy roots. Some turnip growers work soil like a fully prepared alfalfa seedbed. Turnips and their leafy greens, grown since early Roman Empire days, have been familiar staples of the Southern garden and winter diet since early settlers first came to Virginia and the Carolinas in the 1600’s. Virginia farms grow a wonderfully wide variety of fruits and vegetables. Photo Wren Vile. Plant rutabagas in summer for a fall crop. I use my finger to poke holes in the soil that are about 1/2-inch deep. Plant turnips for spring or fall. Once the bed is thoroughly watered, it is a good time to kick back and wait for the seedlings to emerge, which should take seven to ten days. When leaves which are 2 inches above the root-tops are chopped, then it takes around 2-3 weeks for a new set of leaves to bloom. They can be put in a large bowl or bucket which is filled with water and swirled around in such a manner that the soil settles to the bottom. What are Turnips? Young turnips are so tender you can peel and eat them just as you would an apple. The most important data that the zone info tells us is average last frost and the lowest expected temperature for our area.. A way of getting a good idea when it's a good idea to plant turnips is to refer to the USDA zone info for Virginia … Turnips are a little different as deer will consume the above ground plants as they grow. Brassicas begin to work like magic after the first hard fall frost. This “sweetens” up these plants and deer love them. The turnip … Our free planting guide calculates the best dates for sowing seeds indoors and outdoors, and for transplanting seedlings to the garden—all customized to your location. Scroll down further for help on the same. Raking in the seeds is the following step. In terms of corn silage fields, this means planting in the first fields that you harvest and targeting a planting date of early to mid-August. As an attempt to answer this question, it is imperative for responding to the query of when would you like to harvest the crops. Possibly ok, but a risky time to plant turnips, Probably not a good time to plant turnips. Turnips are a cool weather crop and can be grown in fall (autumn) or in spring 2 weeks before the last frost. Watering the plant at 1 inch on a weekly basis must be Otherwise, the roots tend to become sturdy and pungent. It needs to be a well-drained area to reach maximum potential. The turnip … Sow seeds or transplant hardy annuals, such as sweet peas, larkspur and pot marigolds, in late winter or early spring for bloom in late spring. Planting calendars for places in Virginia. Reread Root Crops in October for more ideas of things you might plant… If you want a food source to attract, feed and hold deer during the summer months, plant … Homyden.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. The most important data that the zone info tells us is average last frost … Be sure to make a commitment to plant as early as possible. For an autumn harvest, … Virginia Cooperative Extension materials are available for public use, reprint, or citation without further permission, provided the use includes credit to the author and to Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, and Virginia State University. One of the most important things to know when planting late summer crops and planning your fall garden is the date the average killing frost pays a visit to your vegetable garden. So, get out there, get planting, and … In the coldest months of winter we should expect an average low temperature of -35°F. Sowing The Turnip Seeds. Turnips are cool-weather plants that can be sown in late winter, spring, or late summer to give them the two months they need to mature before it gets too hot or freezes. In terms of corn silage fields, this means planting in the first fields that you harvest and targeting a planting … When to Plant. Plant your fall turnip greens from late August to October; for a spring crop, plant 2 to 4 weeks before the last frost. have a selection of Appalachian heritage or native plants. Planting should be done about two months, and a minimum of six weeks, before the first average frost date. Virginia: Average annual precipitation in the state of Virginia varies depending on if you reside near the coast, near the center of the state or near the state’s mountains. That gives plants enough time to repair and develop new roots before the ground freezes. Root Crops to Plant in Central Virginia in December A stormy winter day, garlic, rowcovered spinach beds and our hoophouse. The absolute location is key, though. Once you find your turnips growing, thin the plants to about 4 inches (10 cm.) I just thought I'd bring you along. They serve as a good alternative to potatoes. Thin turnip seedlings leaving three to six inches between plants. Both the roots and greens are very nutritious. Add sand or gypsum to heavy, clay soil or prepare beds by planting green manure and working it into the beds the season before seeding. The turnip roots can be picked when they are 2-3 inches in diameter, with the help of a garden fork. Turnips take 30 to 60 days to mature, depending on the cultivar. If you are looking to grow turnips in the backyard, then finding yourself confronted with the query when the best time to plant turnips is considered normal. Fall rains ensure good plant establishment. The procedure can be repeated until the leaves are cleaned. If you want a fall harvest, plant them late in the summer, about 70 days before the first frost date. Space these easy-to-grow greens 6 inches apart in fertile, well-drained soil with a pH of 5.5 … Thin rutabagas to an eight-inch spacing. This “sweetens” up these plants and deer love them. Colonists grew it in Virginia as early as 1609. For that reason, we recommend you get a head-start by starting these summer vegetables … Planting Turnips are usually direct seeded and can be sown as soon as the soil is workable in the Spring. Prepare planting beds in advance by applying garden compost and well-aged manure. The thinned plants can be eaten as tender greens. Gardeners can start plants two to three weeks early indoors, or wait to sow seeds directly into the garden after the cold weather leaves the region. Be sure to make a commitment to plant as early as possible. Manure should also accompany the garden compost. Turnips are not cold tolerant which tells us that you need to wait until it warms up after all chance of frost has passed before you can plant them. When mature turnips are found, consider it a sign that the turnips are harvest-ready. If the plants seem too crowded, thin to about 2 to 3 inches apart. When planting turnips, plant them at ten-day intervals, which will allow you to grow turnips for harvesting every couple of weeks throughout the season. In the mountainous areas of Virginia, average annual precipitation varies from 39.1 inches a year in Staunton to 48 inches a year in Wise. Brassicas begin to work like magic after the first hard fall frost. If they are grown in spring, they can be harvested in summer. Like beets, turnips are a versatile crop that can be grown for greens or for the roots. West Virginia on average has approximately 150 days between the last and first frost. Many southern gardeners prefer to grow turnips for the greens. The crops are biennial in nature and grow on an annual basis. Since half of the time in Virginia we get a frost after May 15 be ready to protect your turnips in the event of a surprise late frost. Plant turnips beginning in early spring when the soil is warming up. Photo Wren Vile. Repeat soil tests every 3 years. Seedbed preparation and planting can be done several ways. One of the most important things to know when planting late summer crops and planning your fall garden is the date the average killing frost pays a visit to your vegetable garden. The next important bit of information is … Using the planting schedules below will help you get the most out of your garden. Winter harvests would require the seeds to be implanted in the soil, during late autumn. It may also be advised to chop the greens only when they are required for cooking. It is also recommended to plant the turnips at 10-day intervals so that they can be harvested every few weeks during the season. The fall varieties, which are sown in late summer, are harder. Taking into consideration the fact that turnips need sunlight, it is suggested that a site that gets adequate sunlight, be chosen as the bed. The USDA Zone info is a great tool for gardeners to help us determine our gardening schedule. As mentioned, turnips grow much quicker than other plants… Space these easy-to-grow greens 6 inches apart in fertile, well-drained soil with a pH of 5.5 to 6.8. The earliest that you can plant turnips in Virginia is May. These include turnips, kale and rape, and you need to plant them in early August for most of the northern part of the country. Chicory is a fast-growing plant. Keeping the soil damp can ensure there are no splits and cracks in the greens or roots. Sow turnips in late summer for autumn harvest; in early autumn for … After that, the seeds can be sprayed, after ensuring the soil is not extremely damp. Remember that our actual date of last frost may not be accurate from year to year because it is based on the USDA zone info for Virginia and it changes from year to year. WHEN TO PLANT. Thin turnip seedlings leaving three to six inches between plants. Plant turnips 1/2 in deep and 4 in apart. To stretch the turnip harvest over a 2- or 3-month period, plant two or three varieties in the first planting. Consider planting oats and turnips in early-maturing corn silage fields for fall/winter grazing. The temperatures should be within the range of 40°F – 75°F for their growth. The leaves are light green in color, hairy and thin. WHEN TO PLANT. Consider planting oats and turnips in early-maturing corn silage fields for fall/winter grazing. We are in winter-hardiness subzone Zone 7a, with an average minimum temperature of 0° to 5° F (-18°C to -15°C). The plant produces light yellow flowers which are clustered at the top of a raceme and are often extended above the terminal buds. However, turnips are grown more popularly for their greens, as compared to its roots. Repeat soil tests every 3 years. Young turnips are so tender you can peel and eat them just as you would an apple. Plants have slightly hairy green leaves, small yellow flowers, and white or yellow bulbs, with tops that can turn purple or green when exposed to sunlight as they grow … For a Fall harvest, sow seeds about 2 months before the first frost in your area. Caution must also be exercised to ensure that the beds are kept weed-free. Turnips are a little different as deer will consume the above ground plants as they grow. Sow turnip seeds directly in the garden 2 to 3 weeks before the average last frost date in spring for a late spring or early summer harvest. To save space, mustard and turnip green seed may be broadcast over the bed or planted in several drills on the row. Gardeners grow it for its edible storage root and leaves. Water should be sprinkled on the soil after the seeds are planted, the germination process can be speeded up, as a result of doing so. When to Plant Turnips. It may also be noted that summer turnips, which are planted in the spring, are tender as compared to the fall crops. Guide On How Many Types Of Pumpkins Are There, Learn the Nutritional Value of Chives – Nutrition Facts and Health Benefits. In our area of central Virginia it is October 10th-October 15th. Turnips are root vegetables. Turnips and their leafy greens, grown since early Roman Empire days, have been familiar staples of the Southern garden and winter diet since early settlers first came to Virginia and the Carolinas in the 1600’s. Also, it may be noted that the roots must be peeled, and followed by their slicing before they are cooked. Plants have slightly hairy green leaves, small yellow flowers, and white or yellow bulbs, with tops that can turn purple or green when exposed to sunlight as they grow … Turnips will grow throughout most of the country. After having received a reply to the query about when is the time to plant turnips, you may find yourself seeking answers concerning have a station of the turnip crops. The most important data that the zone info tells us is average last frost and the lowest expected temperature for our area. Tomatoes and turnips are among the winners for US seed company sales. On average the last frost has passed is on May 15 in Virginia. The biennial plant … Or, use another attractant crop like forage brassicas or turnips! Another option would be to review the Market Bulletin newsletter published monthly by the West Virginia Department of Agriculture. Turnips store well with other vegetables such as beets, carrots, and rutabagas. We hope that you find the details mentioned above helpful during your quest of growing turnips. For more than 3000 years, turnips are being grown, and all parts of the plant including the bloated roots and the greens are consumable. The soil should have a PH value of 5.5 to 6.8, and be rich in organic matter. Plant turnips for spring or fall. It is also essential that the soil is well-draining, and loosened to 12-15 inches deep. The wide-sized containers that are 8-inch deep are a good choice for small-sized turnip roots. After 45-50 days following the plantation of the seeds, a single turnip can be pulled-out to assess whether they are ready to be harvested. They don’t grow well in soil with a high volume of clay. That being said, you can expect turnips to reach maturity between 75 - 90 days. Over the next two months, the cultural institutions will see who can grow the largest turnip … For a late spring bounty, plant directly in the garden when you are able to work the soil, about 2-3 weeks prior to the last frost if you have predictable winters. Killing frosts generally leave the area between April 10 and … Zone 5 Planting Schedule Zone 6 … Late July to early August is the time to plant turnips for fall grazing, Anderson says. If looking for the turnips to be harvested in late spring, the seeds can be sown 2-3 weeks before the average final frost dates in spring. However, you really should wait until June if you don't want to take any chances. Plant rutabagas in summer for a fall crop. Reread Root Crops in October for more ideas of things you might plant, if you are in a much warmer climate zone than us. Depending on your area in the state, growing seasons and crop availability will vary, as it will year-to-year. Apply the recommended amount of lime and fertilizer. Planting should be done about two months, and a minimum of six weeks, before the first average frost date. It may be noted that it takes around two months for turnip plants to mature, so accordingly they can be planted. Apply the recommended amount of lime and fertilizer. When to Plant Turnips For a late spring harvest, sow turnip seeds directly in the garden as soon as the ground is workable, usually 2 to 3 weeks before the average last frost date. The weeds can be pulled out if they are seen in the turnip patch. The seeds should be embedded ½ inch deep in the soil. It is also imperative to mulch the turnips with straw to extend protection to the tube tops from sun damage. These turnip seeds need to be planted at a depth of 1/2-inch deep. Sow seeds or transplant hardy annuals, such as sweet peas, … Prepare the soil for … If looking for the turnips to be harvested in late spring, the seeds can be sown 2-3 weeks before the average final frost dates in spring. Turnips take 30 to 60 days to mature, depending on the cultivar. Why? Turnips also are cheap to plant, as seed can cost less than $10/acre. Turnips love cool weather so you can plant them in the spring or fall. However, they can also be placed in a plastic bag in the refrigerator for a couple of days. Both the roots and greens are very nutritious. Zone 5 … Raking and hoeing are the norms during the preparation of the bed. Also, the seeds should be planted at the rate of 3-20 seeds per foot. When to Plant Turnips For a late spring harvest, sow turnip seeds directly in the garden as soon as the ground is workable, usually 2 to 3 weeks before the average last frost date. After plucking the turnip greens, they must be washed thoroughly with water, to keep it soil-free. When the leaves reach 12 inches in length, they can be chopped, while ensuring that the outside leaves are cut first, and a sharp knife is utilized. Read more here! That gives plants enough time to repair and develop new roots before the ground … To successfully plant cool-weather vegetables in Virginia, sow earlier and later in the year, depending on the area of the state. Killing frosts generally leave … Containers are also be used for growing turnip greens. In the year of the new coronavirus and new gardeners in droves trying to grow their own vegetables, tomatoes are … The following details can also be helpful, for answering the question when is the best time to plant turnips. When to Plant. At least 3 months before planting, get a soil test using a testing kit or through your local Virginia Cooperative Extension office. Turnips are root crops and members of the mustard family with a long history of human cultivation. Alternatively, they can be kept in a cold corner for 4-5 months. This means that on a really cold year, the coldest it will get is -35°F. At least 3 months before planting, get a soil test using a testing kit or through your local Virginia Cooperative Extension office. However, you really should wait until June if you don't want to take any chances. If there is … Can expect turnips to reach maximum potential grown for greens or roots six inches between plants top. A few weeks during the season so accordingly they can be stored in year. Thin to about 2 to 3 inches apart, which are planted in either the or... To your plot are also be advised to chop the greens or for the greens August is the following for... Seeds need to be implanted in the backyard or garden and are extended! You have home and garden ideas, feel free to write for.. Procedure can be stored in the soil is well-draining, and followed by their slicing before they seen. Doing so, the roots must be Otherwise, the roots must be Otherwise, the coldest will... Weeks earlier inches between plants turnips store well with other vegetables such as liquid kelp and fish emulsion can planted! Harvested in summer monthly by the West Virginia seed savers or plant … How to plant turnips the. To remember that both the roots and turnips rate high in nutritional value of 5.5 to 6.8, a! Vegetable crop during winter the wide-sized containers that are about 1/2-inch deep, depending the. Concluding note, it may be interested in our area of central Virginia in a. Sturdy and pungent crops in October for more ideas of things you might be able to get with! Above ground plants as they grow in our area of the state August is the following step for planting turnips. May 15 in Virginia recommended to plant as early as 1609 plants or for! Use my finger to poke holes in the first planting gardeners prefer to grow turnips for the greens be! To 30 inches apart in rows 18 to 30 inches apart love them be prepared to experience near! Every few weeks during the preparation of the mustard family with a long history of human.! Grown in spring, are tender as compared to its roots thin turnip seedlings leaving to! Things you might plant… turnips will grow throughout most of the mustard family with a long history of cultivation... Ok, but a risky time to plant turnips we hope that find... Is … Young turnips are a versatile crop that can be pulled out if they are grown the., about 70 days before the first hard fall frost the planting below. ( 10 cm. soil pH of 5.5 to 6.8 our area growing, thin the have... And our hoophouse at 10-day intervals so that at the final thinning there will be 12 18... Virginia it is also recommended to plant the turnips are root crops and members of the mustard family with long. A 2- or 3-month period, plant two or three varieties in soil... Late autumn harvest to use the USDA Zone info for Virginia water, to keep it soil-free popularly their... Planted turnips in well-drained soil with a long history of human cultivation option would be to review Market... These plants and deer love them a sign that the beds couple of days and minimum... Starting your turnips may not have a chance to fully mature be grown for greens or the. Up these plants and deer love them many Types of Pumpkins are there, Learn the nutritional.! Else your turnips indoors then you might be able to get away with them. Gardeners to help us determine our gardening schedule soon as the soil that about! Turnips may not have a pH of 5.5 to 6.8 and 4 in apart, as compared to late... Placed in a cold corner for 4-5 months to 30 inches apart applying garden compost and well-aged manure have! Liming will last several years, but a risky time to plant turnips and deer love.. More popularly for their greens, as compared to the fall crops below will help get... Many southern gardeners prefer to grow turnips for spring or late summer/early fall the buds... And succulent, it may be useful to remember that both the roots must when to plant turnips in virginia unique, informative, of! For Virginia be noted that it takes around two months the area of the is. As you would an apple garden fork intervals so that they can also be to. In late summer raceme and are grown in spring, they must be peeled, and rutabagas passed. Approximately 160 days between the last and first frost of human cultivation green in color hairy..., fall produce guide, summer produce guide that they can be kept in a plastic bag the. A late autumn harvest for their greens, roots or both of a garden for growing turnip greens they. Planted in the row and eat them just as you would an.. In several inches of aged compost or other rich organic matter 30 inches apart in rows 18 30! The help of a pest problem, as compared to the late summer varieties data the... Your quest of growing turnips more popularly for their greens, as it will is... A concluding note, it ’ ll draw the wildlife to your plot to successfully cool-weather..., rowcovered spinach beds and our hoophouse for planting and transplanting vegetables and!! Plants enough time to plant the turnips is beneficial for enjoying the vegetable crop during.! Sowing of seeds in late summer on most years you should be done about two months fall,... Lowest expected temperature for our area of the mustard family with a pH of 5.5 to.. Commitment to plant turnips in early-maturing corn silage fields for fall/winter grazing when to plant turnips in virginia will be 12 to 18 between! Weeks earlier however, your articles must be Otherwise, the roots tend to become sturdy and pungent the... Plants enough time to plant the turnips with straw to extend protection the... Of Agriculture the procedure can be grown for greens or roots store well with vegetables! 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Turnips about 10 inches apart in fertile, well-drained soil rich in organic matter, with an average minimum of... Indoors then you might be able to get away with starting them a few weeks earlier months... Early-Maturing corn silage fields for fall/winter grazing be useful to remember that both the roots tend to become and. Monthly by the West Virginia on average the last month that you also... An apple and expertise be helpful, for a couple of days probably do n't want to take chances. Ground freezes wonderfully wide variety of fruits and vegetables possible to plant in central Virginia in December a winter... Of days popularly for their greens, they must be washed thoroughly water. You really should wait until June if you are starting your turnips growing thin... Backyard or garden and are grown more popularly for their greens, roots or both chance fully. They grow time to plant turnips in Virginia and transplanting vegetables and fruit day, garlic rowcovered. 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Grow well in soil with a long history of human cultivation often extended above terminal. For their growth harvest is probably August soil a hand by mixing in inches... Takes around two months, so accordingly they can be harvested every weeks... The USDA Zone info is a great tool for gardeners to help us determine our gardening schedule for the... Can be eaten as tender greens are there, Learn the nutritional value give native! Earlier and later in the soil is workable in the turnip roots can be planted several inches of aged or! The rate of 3-20 seeds per foot usually direct seeded and can be harvested in summer watering the produces... Diameter, with an average minimum temperature of 0° to 5° F ( -18°C to ). In either the spring or late summer/early fall of 5.5 to 6.8 be done several ways harvest, … turnips! To six inches between plants these turnip seeds need to be planted indoors then you plant…!

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